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Written by Martin Duberman 

Directed by Charles Maryan

Presented by Woodie King, Jr.'s New Federal Theatre in association with the Castillo Theatre

American history and African-American history are one inseparable story. In White America traces our national journey from early colonial times through the Supreme Court’s landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954. With text drawn directly from historical records, including the narratives of former slaves, In White America’s theme is the quest for freedom and equality, a theme that has been central to the New Federal Theatre’s 46-year body of work.

October 15 - November 15, 2015     


Here is more information about the lobby exhibit which accompanies the production of In White America at the Castillo Theatre.

From left to right, the following notes and website links may help you further explore the history and issues performed so beautifully in Martin Duberman's play, In White America, produced by the New Federal Theatre in association with the Castillo Theatre. The production runs through Sunday, November 15, 2015.

James Ramsay (1733-1789) former ship’s doctor, later Anglican minister and Abolitionist

Lucretia Mott (1793-1880)  American Quaker anti-slavery and women’s rights activist

Southern slaveowner, name unknown, 1800's

Female slave, Delia, 1850, photo commissioned by Harvard scientist Louis Agassiz to "demonstrate the biological inferiority of Africans."   Delia's Tears by Molly Rogers

Former slave Sara Gudger, Burke County, North Carolina (photo ca. 1938)   "By the sweat of our brows" -- narratives and photographs of former slaves

Thomas Jefferson (1743 - 1826) Virginia planter, slave owner, author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the United States    Wikipedia bio bio

Jefferson Davis (1808 - 1869) Southern planter and slave owner, politician and military leader, President of the Confederacy bio       Wikipedia bio

Sojourner Truth (1797 - 1883)  former slave, leading anti-slavery and women's rights activist bio   Ain't I a Woman

Wade Hampton III (1818 - 1902) South Carolina planter and slave owener, Conferate military leader, later prominent back of the KKK and red shirt militias   Wikipedia bio

John Brown (1800 - 1859) militant abolitionist,  led military raid on federal armory at Harper's Ferry  New York Times editorial "Freedom's Martyr"    Wikipedia bio

Walter White (1893 - 1955)  NAACP leader and activist  Georgia encyclopedia bio   Wikipedia article  

Illustration of Southern belle, 1800's

Frederick Douglass (1818 - 1895)  former slave and eminent Abolitionist leader, writer and lecturer, women's rights advocate bio     Wikipedia bio 

Samuel May (1797 - 1871)  Unitarian minister and radical reformer, active in women's rights and anti-slavery movements   Wikipedia bio quote

Andrew Johnson (1808 - 1875)  Southern politician, 17th U.S. President 1865-69, opposed Reconstruction policies of Republican Congress    Wikipedia bio bio

Nat Turner (1800 - 1831)  Leader of one of the largest slave rebellions ever in the United States    North Carolina Digitial History article       Wikipedia entry 

Joan Trumpauer Mulholland (born 1941) Civil rights activist and Freedom Rider, arrested in Jackson, Mississippi in 1961   Washington Post article  Wikipedia article

George T. Downing (1819 - 1903)  Black business leader and civil rights activist, ally of Frederick Douglass  U.S. House of Representatives History site  

Pauline Knight Ofosu (1940 - 2013) Civil rights activist and Freedom Rider, arrested in Jackson, Mississippi in 1961   PBS documentary link   Civil Rights Movement veterans article

Andrew Judson (1784 - 1853)  Connecticut politician and later Judge, opposed Prudence Crandall's integrated school in Canterbury, CT   Wikipedia article     About Prudence Crandall

Black soldier, Civil War, name unknown article   PBS/American Experience

Mary Boykin Chesnut  (1823 - 1886) author, upper-class wife of South Carolina secessionist Senator James Chesnut    Wikipedia article 

Hiram Wesley Evans (1881 - 1966) Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, pictured here in 1926  Southern Poverty Law Center site

Black sharecropper and former slave, 1930's   PBS documentary "Slavery by Another Name"  About sharecropping (debt peonage)

W.E.B Du Bois (1868 - 1963)  Scholar and activist, leader of the Niagara movement, co-founder of the NAACP, long-time editor of The Crisis, socialist and author of many books including The Souls of Black Folk. article  Wikipedia article   NAACP website bio  

Marcus Garvey  (1887 - 1940)  Jamaican-born Black nationalist leader, founder of "Back to Africa" movement article   Wikipedia article  National Humanities Center article

Lester Maddox  (1915 - 2003)  Atlanta, Georgia businessman and segregationalist politician, Governer of Georgia 1967-71        New York Times Obituary 2003   Wikipedia article 

Booker T. Washington (1856 - 1915)  African-American educator, author and leader, director of the Tuskegee Institute      Revew of Robert J. Norrell's bio of BTW     Wikipedia article   Library of Congress sources

Woodrow Wilson  (1856 - 1924)  academic, President of Princeton University 1902-10, 28th President of the United States, 1913 - 21. Report on Wilson-Trotter meeting in The Crisis   Article on Wilson's racial attitudes and policies    Wikipedia article 

William Monroe Trotter (1872 - 1934)  Boston-based newspaper editor and businessman, civil rights activist, Niagara movement founder   Trotter Institute Article    Wikipedia article

Nathan Bedford Forrest  (1821 - 1877) Southern plantation owner and slave trader, Confederate general   Wikipedia article article

"Pitchfork" Ben Tillman  (1847 - 1918)  South Carolina Senator and white supremacist in the Jim Crow era article    Wikipedia article 

Father Divine  (1876 - 1965)  African-American spiritual leader and founder of the International Peace Mission movement.    PBS segment    Wikipedia article  

Thomas Wentworth Higginson  (1823 - 1911)  Unitarian minister, author, militant abolitionist, socialist and women's rights activist  -- and soldier. Supporter of John Brown who later led the first federally-authorized Black regiment in the Civil War   Wikipedia article article

Sharecropper's wife in front of her home near Jackson, Mississippi 1937  Photo by Dorothea Lange  PBS documentary "Slavery by Another Name"  About sharecropping (debt peonage)

William Lowndes Yancey  (1814 - 1863)  Segregationist Southern politician, one of the so-called “Fire-Eaters”.  Richmond Dispatch obituary 1863    Wikipedia article

Black sharecropper, 14 years of age, 1930's   PBS documentary "Slavery by Another Name"  About sharecropping (debt peonage)

Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 - 1896) American abolitionist and author, most famous for Uncle Tom's Cabin  Basic biography   Wikipedia article 

Southern schoolhouse run by the Freedman's Bureau, late 1860's  The Freedman's Bureau by W.E.B Du Bois    Freedmanbureau Online article

Teacher, name unknown, Freedman's Bureau, late 1860's

Angelina Grimke (1805 - 1879) Charleston, South Carolina-born and raised, anti-slavery and women’s rights activist  Women's History Museum article   Article about Angelina and Sarah Grimke

Vivian Malone Jones (1942 - 2005) was one of the first two African American students to enroll at the University of Alabama in 1963 and the university's first African American graduate.  New York Times obituary   Wikipedia article